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7 popular tools and frameworks for developing AI applications

TensorFlow, PyTorch, Keras, Caffe, Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit, Theano and Apache MXNet are the seven most popular frameworks for developing AI applications.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a rapidly growing field with numerous applications, including computer vision, natural language processing (NLP) and speech recognition. To develop these AI applications, developers use various tools and frameworks that provide a comprehensive platform for building and deploying machine learning models.

This article will discuss the seven popular tools and frameworks used for developing AI applications: TensorFlow, PyTorch, Keras, Caffe, Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit, Theano and Apache MXNet. These tools have become the go-to choice for developers thanks to their ease of use, scalability and efficient execution of complex mathematical operations.


TensorFlow is an open-source platform developed by Google, which provides a comprehensive framework for building and deploying machine learning models across multiple platforms. It is widely used for various applications, including computer vision, natural language processing and speech recognition. For example, it can be used to build a chatbot that can understand and respond to natural language queries.


PyTorch is another popular open-source machine learning framework, widely used for developing AI applications such as image recognition, natural language processing and reinforcement learning. It offers dynamic computation, making it easier to experiment with different model architectures.

For example, it can be used to build an image recognition system that can detect and classify different objects in an image.


Keras is an open-source neural network library that runs on top of TensorFlow or Theano. It is a user-friendly platform that allows developers to create and train deep learning models with just a few lines of code. Keras can be used to build a speech recognition system that can transcribe spoken words into text.

Related: 5 natural language processing (NLP) libraries to use


Caffe is a deep learning framework developed by Berkeley AI Research (BAIR) and community contributors. It is designed for fast training of convolutional neural networks and is commonly used for image and speech recognition.

Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit (CNTK)

CNTK is an open-source framework developed by Microsoft that provides a scalable and efficient platform for building deep learning models. It supports multiple programming languages, including C++, Python and C#. It can be used to build a machine translation system that can translate text from one language to another.


Theano is a popular Python library for numerical computation, specifically designed for building and optimizing deep neural networks. It is known for its efficient execution of mathematical expressions, making it useful for training complex models. For example, it can be used to build a sentiment analysis system that can identify the sentiment of a given text.

Related: 5 programming languages to learn for AI development

Apache MXNet

Apache MXNet is a scalable and efficient open-source deep learning framework, which supports multiple programming languages, including Python, R and Scala. It is widely used for computer vision, NLP and speech recognition applications. For example, it can be used to build a system that can identify different emotions in a given text or speech.

Source : Cointelegraph.com